Lacrimal gland ductal cysts (dacryops) are uncommon, occurring anywhere that lacrimal gland tissue is present. While dacryops has long been recognized, its pathogenesis has not been well established.
Five cases of dacryops were identified at the Ottawa Hospital over a 3-year period (2009-2012). Histopathological examination showed immunoreactivity to IgA on the luminal surface of the epithelial ductal cyst and mild chronic inflammation in the underlying stroma or lacrimal gland.
Conclusions and Relevance
Our results suggest that a multifactorial mechanism leads to dacryops including chronic inflammation, an immune response, and IgA hypersecretion with an osmotic effect, all contributing to the cyst formation. Further research on the pathogenesis is recommended.