Objective To describe the structural and visual outcomes at age 6 years of retinal detachment (RD) from retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in the Early Treatment for Retinopathy of Prematurity (ETROP) study.
Methods Prospective multicenter nonrandomized series of infants with high-risk prethreshold ROP who developed an RD by 6 months corrected age treated with observation or vitreoretinal surgery.
Results Of 401 patients, 63 (89 eyes) experienced RD. Follow-up at age 6 years was available for 70 eyes (79%) of 49 surviving patients. The RDs were stage 4A in 28 eyes (40%), stage 4B in 14 (20%), stage 5 in 13 (19%), and not classified in 15 (21%). The macula was attached in 17 of 50 eyes (34%) after vitrectomy with or without scleral buckle, in 6 of 9 (67%) after scleral buckle only, and in 2 of 11 eyes (18%) observed. An attached macula at age 6 years after vitreoretinal surgery was present in 5 of 16 eyes (31%) with stage 4A, 6 of 10 (60%) with stage 4B, and 0 of 10 with stage 5. Favorable visual acuity (>20/200) was found in 6 of 70 eyes (9%); 5 had stage 4A, and 1 was not classified.
Conclusions Macular attachment was achieved in approximately one-third of eyes with RD and favorable visual acuity in some eyes with stage 4A.