Submitted for Publication: November 14, 2011; final revision received March 9, 2012; accepted March 20, 2012.
Low Vision Research Network Study Group:Association for the Blind and Visually Impaired, Rochester, New York: Katherine White, OD, Ray Gottlieb, OD, Elizabeth Harvey, OD, and Gwen Sterns, MD. Casey Eye Institute, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland: John Boyer, OD, and Grace Tran, OD. Center for Retina and Macular Disease, Winter Haven, Florida: Sonya Braudway, OD, and Alice Enault, OTR, CLVT. Emory Eye Center, Atlanta, Georgia: Susan Primo, OD, Kenneth Rosengren, OD, and Thao Vu, OD. Ensight Skills Center, Fort Collins, Colorado: Mark DeGeorge, OD, and Cori Layton, SCLV/OTR. Envision Vision Rehabilitation Center, Wichita, Kansas: William Park, OD, Karen Kendrick, OTR/L, Joanne Park, COA, and Danielle McIntyre. The Frank Stein and Paul S. May Center for Low Vision Rehabilitation at California Pacific Medical Center, San Francisco: Donald Fletcher, MD, and Karen Myers, OTR/L. Indianapolis Eye Care Center, Indiana University School of Optometry, Indianapolis: Kevin Houston, OD. The Jewish Guild for the Blind, New York, New York: Laura Sperazza, OD, and Susan Weinstein, OD. Jules Stein Eye Institute, Los Angeles, California: Melissa Chun, OD, Jennie Kageyama, OD, and Connie Lam. Low Vision Associates, Bingham Farms, Michigan: Susan Gormezano, OD. Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary, Department of Ophthalmology, Harvard Medical School, Boston: Mary Lou Jackson, MD, and Kim Schoessow, OTD, OTR/L. Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee: Scott Robison, OD. Modesto Optometric Vision Center, Modesto, California: Brian Elliott, OD. Retina Consultants of Southwest Florida, Fort Myers: Donald Fletcher, MD, and Heather Holderfield, OTR/L. Richard E. Hoover Low Vision Rehabilitation Services, Greater Baltimore Medical Center, Baltimore, Maryland: Janet S. Sunness, MD, and Susan Garber OTR./L, CLVT. Richmond Eye and Ear Healthcare Alliance, Richmond, Virgina: Jeffrey Michaels, OD, and Mary Bullock, OTR/L. Spectrios Institute for Low Vision, Wheaton, Illinois: John Coalter, OD, Connie Arends, MS Ed, CVRT, Leah Gerlach, MS, CRC, R. Tracy Williams, OD, and Karen Thomas. St. Luke's Cataract and Laser Institute, Tarpon Springs, Florida: Ed Huggett, OD. Storm Eye Institute Low Vision Rehabilitation at the Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston: Stephen E. Morse, OD, MPH, PhD, and Kelly Singleton, MS, OD. The University of Iowa Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, Iowa City: Mark Wilkinson, OD, and Darcy Wolf, COA. University of Michigan Kellogg Eye Center, Ann Arbor: Donna Wicker, OD, Sherry Day, OD, and Karen Murphy, OTR. The University of Texas Health Science Center School at San Antonio, Lion's Low Vision Center of Texas, San Antonio: Sandra Fox, OD, and Melva Perez, OTR/L. Vanderbilt Eye Institute, Nashville, Tennessee: K. Bradley Kehler, OD. ViewFinder Low Vision Resource Center, Mesa, Arizona: Lynne Noon, OD, and Kevin Huff, OD. Visionary Eye Center, Reno, Nevada: Jason Bolenbaker, OD. Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri: Carrie Gaines, OD, and Monica Perlmutter, OTR/L. The Wilmer Eye Institute at The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore: Judith Goldstein, OD, Alexis Malkin, OD, James Deremeik, CLVT, Katherine Cleveland, OTR/L, Amy Ocampo, Kim Soistman, Robert Massof, PhD, Carol Rainey, Cathy Epstein, Lynn Feuer, and Lindsey Yang.
Financial Disclosure: None reported.
Funding/Support: This study was supported by grants EY012045 and EY018696 from the National Eye Institute, National Institutes of Health, and by a grant from Reader's Digest Partners for Sight Foundation. Dr Kehler was supported by an unrestricted grant from Research to Prevent Blindness. Dr Primo was supported in part by an unrestricted departmental grant from Research to Prevent Blindness and National Eye Institute Core Grant for Vision Research P30EY006360.