Submitted for Publication: January 18, 2013; final revision received March 22, 2013; accepted March 25, 2013.
Published Online: August 15, 2013. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2013.4503.
Study concept and design: Sakane, Yamaguchi, Dogru, Oishi, Yasuo Ohashi, Yuichi Ohashi.
Acquisition of data: Sakane, Yamaguchi, Yokoi, Uchino.
Analysis and interpretation of data: Sakane, Yamaguchi, Dogru, Oishi, Yasuo Ohashi.
Drafting of the manuscript: Sakane, Yokoi, Yuichi Ohashi.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: Sakane, Yamaguchi, Uchino, Dogru, Oishi, Yasuo Ohashi.
Statistical analysis: Sakane, Oishi, Yasuo Ohashi.
Administrative, technical, and material support: Uchino, Dogru, Oishi.
Study supervision: Dogru, Oishi, Yasuo Ohashi, Yuichi Ohashi.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: None reported.
Funding/Support: This study was supported by Santen Pharmaceutical Co, Ltd.
Role of the Sponsor: Santen Pharmaceutical Co, Ltd had a role in the following areas: generating the development concepts; design of the study; collection, management, analysis, and interpretation of the data; and preparation, review, and approval of the manuscript.
Additional Contributions: Santen Pharmaceutical Co, Ltd and the Japanese Dry Eye Society hold the copyright for the DEQS questionnaire.