Submitted for Publication: March 23, 2013; final revision received May 29, 2013; accepted May 31, 2013.
Published Online: October 24, 2013. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2013.5515.
Study concept and design: Hayreh.
Acquisition of data: Hayreh.
Analysis and interpretation of data: All authors.
Drafting of the manuscript: All authors.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: All authors.
Statistical analysis: Zimmerman.
Administrative, technical, or material support: Hayreh.
Study supervision: Hayreh.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: None reported.
Funding/Support: This work was supported by grant EY-1151 from the National Institutes of Health and in part by an unrestricted grant from Research to Prevent Blindness Inc.
Role of the Sponsor: The funders had no role in the design and conduct of the study; collection, management, analysis, and interpretation of the data; and preparation, review, or approval of the manuscript; and decision to submit the manuscript for publication.