Submitted for Publication: December 21, 2012; final revision received June 10, 2013; accepted June 17, 2013.
Published Online: November 7, 2013. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2013.5636.
Study concept and design: All authors.
Acquisition of data: Bowers, Peli.
Analysis and interpretation of data: Bowers, Peli.
Drafting of the manuscript: Bowers, Peli.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: All authors.
Statistical analysis: Bowers.
Obtained funding: All authors.
Administrative, technical, or material support: All authors.
Study supervision: Peli.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: Dr Peli has financial interest in a patent related to the peripheral prism glasses (assigned to Schepens Eye Research Institute). Ms Keeney has licensed that patent for Chadwick Optical, Inc. Chadwick Optical, Inc funded the study in part from National Institutes of Health (NIH) grant EY014723 through a subcontract with Schepens Eye Research Institute. Dr Peli was a paid consultant to Chadwick Optical, Inc on the design of the permanent prisms. No other financial interests were reported.
Funding/Support: This work was supported in part by NIH grants EY014723 (Ms Keeney, Chadwick Optical, Inc) and EY12890 (Dr Peli, Schepens Eye Research Institute).
Role of the Sponsors: The NIH had no role in the design and conduct of the study; collection, management, analysis, and interpretation of the data; and preparation, review, or approval of the manuscript; and decision to submit the manuscript for publication.
Additional Contributions: Doris Apfelbaum, BA, maintained the study database. Practitioners at study sites included Henry A. Greene, OD, Academy Eye Associates, Durham, North Carolina; Susan A. Primo, OD, MPH, Emory Eye Center, Atlanta, Georgia; David Lewerenz, OD, Northeastern State University Oklahoma College of Optometry, Tahlequah; Tracy Matchinski, OD, Illinois Eye Institute, Chicago; Elli Kollbaum, OD, Community Eye Care Center, Indiana University School of Optometry, Bloomington; Barry Kavanaugh, OD, Seven Lakes Eye Care, West End, North Carolina; Dawn K. DeCarlo, OD, MS, MSPH, and Marsha Swanson Snow, OD, UAB Center for Low Vision Rehabilitation, Birmingham, Alabama; Rosalind Creer, PhD, Manchester Royal Eye Hospital Optometry Department, Manchester, England; Paul Levine, OD, Vision Care Specialists, PC, Southborough, Massachusetts; Selma Chin, OD, Vista Center for the Blind and Visually Impaired, Palo Alto, California; Richard (Scott) Hearing, OD, Visual Health, Jupiter Eye Center, Jupiter, Florida; Thomas Whittaker, MS, JD, MD, Departments of Ophthalmology and Neurology, University of Kansas Medical Center, Prairie Village.