We're unable to sign you in at this time. Please try again in a few minutes.
We were able to sign you in, but your subscription(s) could not be found. Please try again in a few minutes.
There may be a problem with your account. Please contact the AMA Service Center to resolve this issue.
Contact the AMA Service Center:
Telephone: 1 (800) 262-2350 or 1 (312) 670-7827  *   Email: subscriptions@jamanetwork.com
Error Message ......
Special Communication |

Ophthalmic Surgical Simulation A New Era

Stewart N. Gillan, MBChB, FRCOphth1; George M. Saleh, FRCS, FRCOphth1,2,3
[+] Author Affiliations
1Moorfields Eye Hospital, National Health Service Foundation Trust, London, England
2The National Institute of Health Research Biomedical Research Centre, Moorfields Eye Hospital/University College London Institute of Ophthalmology, London, England
3London Deanery, London, England
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2013;131(12):1623-1624. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2013.1011.
Text Size: A A A
Published online

Simulation has been widely used to great effect in many high-risk industries and well validated in a number of medical disciplines. Different forms of medical simulation exist, from traditional wet laboratories, through immersive scenarios, to modern high-fidelity simulation such as virtual reality. What remains unestablished is the exact when, where, and how this technology should fit within recognized ophthalmic training systems. The International Forum of Ophthalmic Simulation is a multinational, multicenter collaborative established to introduce and evaluate virtual-reality simulation through a global cloud of networked simulators. In this article, we detail the modern evolution of virtual-reality simulation in ophthalmology and present the ultimate goal of the profession and the International Forum of Ophthalmic Simulation, which is to develop a virtual-reality program that augments and accelerates surgical training, thereby improving outcomes for trainees, trainers, and patients.

Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?





Also Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
Please click the checkbox indicating that you have read the full article in order to submit your answers.
Your answers have been saved for later.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.


Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

4 Citations

Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.

Articles Related By Topic
Related Collections
PubMed Articles

The Rational Clinical Examination: Evidence-Based Clinical Diagnosis
Evidence to Support the Update

The Rational Clinical Examination: Evidence-Based Clinical Diagnosis
Original Article: Does This Patient Have an Instability of the Shoulder or a Labrum Lesion?