Submitted for Publication: April 18, 2013; final revision received July 12, 2013; accepted July 26, 2013.
Published Online: January 16, 2014. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2013.7639.
Study concept and design: Rentz, Kowalski, Walt, Hays, Lee, Bressler, Revicki.
Acquisition of data: Rentz, Kowalski.
Analysis and interpretation of data: All authors.
Drafting of the manuscript: Rentz, Kowalski, Hays, Brazier, Revicki.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: Kowalski, Walt, Hays, Yu, Lee, Bressler, Revicki.
Statistical analysis: Rentz, Kowalski, Hays, Brazier, Yu, Revicki.
Obtained funding: Rentz, Kowalski, Walt, Lee, Revicki.
Administrative, technical, and material support: Kowalski.
Study supervision: Walt, Revicki.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: Mss Rentz and Yu and Dr Revicki are employed by Evidera (United BioSource Corp at the time of the study), which provides consulting and other research services to pharmaceutical, device, government, and nongovernment organizations; as Evidera employees, they work with a variety of companies and organizations and are expressly prohibited from receiving any payment or honoraria directly from these organizations for services rendered. Dr Kowalski and Mr Walt are employees of Allergan, Inc. Dr Hays received financial support for this study from Allergan, Inc. Dr Brazier had received payment from Allergan, Inc, as a consultant for this study. Dr Lee is currently a consultant for Pfizer, Genentech, Quorum Consulting, and Novartis and was a consultant for Allergan, Inc, from March 2010 to March 2011; has in the last 3 years received research grants from Pfizer; and has a proprietary interest in Merck, GlaxoSmithKline, and Vitaspring Health Technologies. Dr Bressler’s employer, the Johns Hopkins University (but not Dr Bressler), received funding from Allergan, Inc, for this project; the terms of this project are negotiated and administered by Johns Hopkins University’s Office of Research Administration. Under Johns Hopkins University’s policy, support for the costs of research, administered by the institution, does not constitute a financial conflict of interest. No other disclosures were reported.
Funding/Support: This work was supported by Allergan, Inc. Dr Hays was supported in part by grants P30AG021684 from the National Institute on Aging to the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) Resource Center for Minority Aging Research Center for Health Improvement in Minority Elderly, 2P20MD000182 from the National Center on Minority Health and Health Disparities to the UCLA/Drew Project EXPORT, and P30AG028748 from the National Institute on Aging to the UCLA Older Americans Independence Center.
Role of the Sponsor: Allergan, Inc, was involved in the design and conduct of the study; collection, management, analysis, and interpretation of the data; preparation, review, or approval of the manuscript; and decision to submit the manuscript for publication. The other funding organizations had no role in the design and conduct of the study; collection, management, analysis, and interpretation of the data; preparation, review, or approval of the manuscript; and decision to submit the manuscript for publication.
Disclaimer: Dr Bressler is the JAMA Ophthalmology Editor but was not involved in the review process or the acceptance of the manuscript.
Additional Contributions: We thank the following researchers, their staff, and patients for their support and participation in piloting and cognitive debriefing of the 8 health states prior to the country-level valuation surveys: David S. Boyer, MD, Tammy Gasparyan, Lissette Pleitez, Retina-Vitreous Associates Medical Group, Beverly Hills, California; Jeffrey C. Hong, MD, Marie Rodriguez, Huntington Eye Medical Group, Pasadena, California; and Steven Simmons, MD, Martin Kaback, MD, and Ralph Sanchez, MD, Glaucoma Consultants of the Capital Region, Slingerlands, New York. Beenish Nafees, MSc, Sean O’Quinn, MPH, Anne Brooks, BS, Scott Doyle, DPhil, PhD, Sarah Hearn, MSc, Pamela Murray, MSc, Alise Nacson, MPH, Sherilyn Notte, BS, Paul O’Donohoe, BSc, Megan Stafford, BSc, and Randall Winnette, MSc, provided assistance with this study. Julie Meilak and Aria Gray helped with proofreading and formatting the manuscript.