Submitted for Publication: April 29, 2013; final revision received July 29, 2013; accepted August 15, 2013.
Published Online: January 16, 2014. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2013.7649.
Study concept and design: Avery, Schuman, Packer.
Acquisition of data: Avery, Acosta, Hutcheson, Santos, Zand.
Analysis and interpretation of data: Avery, Hwang, Ishikawa, Kilburn, Rosenbaum, Rood, Packer.
Drafting of the manuscript: Avery, Hwang, Zand, Packer.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: Avery, Hwang, Ishikawa, Acosta, Hutcheson, Santos, Zand, Kilburn, Rosenbaum, Rood, Schuman.
Statistical analysis: Avery, Packer.
Obtained funding: Avery, Packer.
Administrative, technical, and material support: Avery, Acosta, Santos, Rood.
Study supervision: Schuman.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: Dr Schuman receives royalties for intellectual property licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary to Zeiss. No other disclosures were reported.
Funding/Support: This article was supported in part by the Children’s Tumor Foundation Clinical Research Award (Dr Avery), the National Eye Institute/National Institutes of Health grant K23-EY022673 (Dr Avery), the National Institutes of Health/National Eye Institute Pediatric Research Loan repayment program (Dr Avery), and the Gilbert Family Neurofibromatosis Institute (Drs Avery, Acosta, and Packer). This study was also supported by National Institutes of Health grant R01-EY013178 (Drs Ishikawa and Schuman), the Eye and Ear Foundation of Pittsburgh (Drs Ishikawa and Schuman), and an unrestricted grant from Research to Prevent Blindness (Drs Ishikawa and Schuman).
Role of the Sponsor: The funding organizations had no role in the design and conduct of the study; collection, management, analysis, or interpretation of the data; preparation, review, or approval of the manuscript; and decision to submit the manuscript for publication.