Ocriplasmin cleaves fibronectin and laminin, components of the vitreous gel, and is used as a pharmacologic treatment for vitreomacular traction. Laminin is also found throughout multiple retinal layers. Ocriplasmin injection may lead to acute panretinal dysfunction in some eyes, but the mechanism of this toxic reaction has not been described.
We evaluated a 63-year-old woman demonstrating acute panretinal dysfunction after intravitreous ocriplasmin injection for a small macular hole with vitreomacular adhesion. Findings included visual acuity loss, visual field constriction, pupillary abnormalities, attenuated retinal arteries, loss of outer retinal signals on spectral-domain optical coherence tomography, and severely reduced electroretinography responses. B-waves were reduced more than A-waves were, suggesting postreceptoral dysfunction and decreased photoreceptor activity.
Conclusions and Relevance
Retinal dysfunction associated with intravitreous ocriplasmin injection is not limited to the macular region and seems to involve the entire retina. Enzymatic cleavage of intraretinal laminin is a biologically plausible mechanism for acute ocriplasmin retinal toxic effects.
The horizontal image shows a small full-thickness macular hole with vitreous adhesion to the inner layer flap.
A, The right eye (left) demonstrates a macular hole and attenuation of the retinal vasculature compared with the left eye (right). B, The right eye (left) demonstrates enlargement of the macular hole, with subretinal fluid and a peculiar shape to the hole edges. There is significant attenuation of the external limiting membrane (ELM), ellipsoid layer, and cone outer segment tips (COST) line compared with the healthy left eye (right). The retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) appears normal in each eye.
The rod electroretinogram is severely reduced to less than 10% of normal in the right eye and is mildly subnormal in the left eye. The combined rod-cone response shows depressed A-waves and B-waves to 50% of normal in the right eye and is normal in the left eye. The photopic bright-flash electroretinogram demonstrates depressed A-waves and B-waves to 40% of normal in the right eye and is normal in the left eye. The 32-Hz flicker electroretinogram is depressed to 50% of normal in the right eye and is normal in the left eye. Oscillatory potential amplitudes are severely reduced in the right eye.
Thank you for submitting a comment on this article. It will be reviewed by JAMA Ophthalmology editors. You will be notified when your comment has been published. Comments should not exceed 500 words of text and 10 references.
Do not submit personal medical questions or information that could identify a specific patient, questions about a particular case, or general inquiries to an author. Only content that has not been published, posted, or submitted elsewhere should be submitted. By submitting this Comment, you and any coauthors transfer copyright to the journal if your Comment is posted.
* = Required Field
Disclosure of Any Conflicts of Interest*
Indicate all relevant conflicts of interest of each author below, including all relevant financial interests, activities, and relationships within the past 3 years including, but not limited to, employment, affiliation, grants or funding, consultancies, honoraria or payment, speakers’ bureaus, stock ownership or options, expert testimony, royalties, donation of medical equipment, or patents planned, pending, or issued. If all authors have none, check "No potential conflicts or relevant financial interests" in the box below. Please also indicate any funding received in support of this work. The information will be posted with your response.
Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.
Download citation file:
Web of Science® Times Cited: 4
Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.
More Listings atJAMACareerCenter.com >
Enter your username and email address. We'll send you a link to reset your password.
Enter your username and email address. We'll send instructions on how to reset your password to the email address we have on record.
Athens and Shibboleth are access management services that provide single sign-on to protected resources. They replace the multiple user names and passwords necessary to access subscription-based content with a single user name and password that can be entered once per session. It operates independently of a user's location or IP address. If your institution uses Athens or Shibboleth authentication, please contact your site administrator to receive your user name and password.