Submitted for Publication: June 26, 2013; final revision received December 16, 2013; accepted December 19, 2013.
Published Online: March 27, 2014. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2013.8188.
Study concept and design: All authors.
Acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data: All authors.
Drafting of the manuscript: All authors.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: All authors.
Statistical analysis: All authors.
Obtained funding: All authors.
Administrative, technical, or material support: All authors.
Study supervision: All authors.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: None reported.
Funding/Support: This study was supported by grant EY08313 from the National Eye Institute, US Public Health Service. Dr Chaudhuri has received support from the BOYSCAST Fellowship of the Department of Science and Technology, Government of India. Dr Demer has received support from Research to Prevent Blindness.
Role of the Sponsor: The US Public Health Service funded the design and conduct of the study and the collection, management, analysis, and interpretation of the data but had no role in the preparation, review, or approval of the manuscript and decision to submit the manuscript for publication.
Additional Contributions: Michael H. Graf, MD, Professor of Strabismology and Neuro-ophthalmology, Justus Liebig University, Giessen, Germany, shared his European experience with plication. Saurabh Sawhney, DO, DNB, consultant ophthalmologist, Insight Eye Clinic, New Delhi, India, created the graphics in the animated video illustrating the plication technique. Neither Dr Graf nor Dr Sawhney received financial compensation for their services.