Submitted for Publication: January 9, 2014; final revision received February 26, 2014; accepted February 26, 2014.
Published Online: June 19, 2014. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2014.1108.
Study concept and design: Somsanguan Ausayakhun, Sakarin Ausayakhun, Jirawison, Heiden, Margolis, Keenan.
Acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data: Yen, Chen, Holland, Margolis.
Drafting of the manuscript: Yen, Somsanguan Ausayakhun, Sakarin Ausayakhun, Margolis.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: Yen, Somsanguan Ausayakhun, Chen, Jirawison, Heiden, Holland, Keenan.
Statistical analysis: Yen, Keenan.
Obtained funding: Margolis.
Administrative, technical, or material support: Yen, Somsanguan Ausayakhun, Chen, Sakarin Ausayakhun, Jirawison, Heiden, Holland.
Study supervision: Sakarin Ausayakhun, Margolis.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: Dr Margolis has pending intellectual property with the University of California describing a mobile phone camera for retinal imaging. At this time, this intellectual property has no financial value. No other disclosures are reported.
Funding/Support: This study was supported by the Gladstone Institute of Virology and Immunology Center for AIDS Research and the Research Evaluation and Allocation Committee, University of California, San Francisco; by grant K23EY019071 from the National Eye Institute; and by That Man May See, the Littlefield Trust, the Peierls Foundation, and the Doris Duke Charitable Foundation through a grant supporting the Doris Duke International Clinical Research Fellows Program at the University of California, San Francisco. Mr Yen is a Doris Duke International Clinical Research Fellow.
Role of the Sponsor: The sponsors had no role in the design and conduct of the study; collection, management, analysis, and interpretation of the data; preparation, review, or approval of the manuscript; and decision to submit the manuscript for publication.
Additional Contributions: We thank the nonexpert graders for their participation in this study: Atitaya Apivatthakakul, Thanyarat Chaichana, BS, Alissara Chaisong, CMA, Saringkarn Intachai. BA, Dueanwarang Inthawichai, BA, Nutchanun Kitsanasaranee, BA, Jaruwan Kongngern, BS, Phuriwat Maksongkhla, CMA, Chantawan Paspisanu, BSN, and Napatsawan Sangkun (Chiang Mai University); Sangita Annamalai, BA (University of California, Berkeley); and Kathleen Apakupakul, MS, Nicole Stoller, MPH, and Sophia Swanson, MD (University of California, San Francisco). Graders from Chiang Mai University were financially reimbursed for their contributions.