Study concept and design: Maamari, Margolis, Fletcher, Keenan.
Acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data: Maamari, Ausayakhun, Margolis.
Drafting of the manuscript: Maamari, Ausayakhun.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: Maamari, Margolis, Fletcher, Keenan.
Statistical analysis: Maamari, Keenan.
Obtained funding: Maamari, Margolis.
Administrative, technical, or material support: Maamari, Ausayakhun, Fletcher.
Study supervision: Margolis, Fletcher.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: Drs Maamari, Margolis, and Fletcher have pending intellectual property with the University of California describing a mobile phone camera for retinal imaging. At this time, this intellectual property has no financial value. Dr Margolis reports having received a grant from That Man May See during the conduct of the study. Dr Fletcher is a cofounder of CellScope Inc, which is a medical device start-up company using mobile phones for disease screening and diagnosis. CellScope Inc was not involved in this research.
Funding/Support: This work was supported by a Medical Student Eye Research Fellowship Grant from Research to Prevent Blindness (Dr Maamari), the University of California, Berkeley Blum Center for Developing Economies (Dr Fletcher), and grant K23 EY010971 from the National Eye Institute.
Role of the Sponsor: The funders had no role in the design and conduct of the study; collection, management, analysis, and interpretation of the data; preparation, review, or approval of the manuscript; and decision to submit the manuscript for publication.
Previous Presentation: An abstract with preliminary findings of this study was presented at the 2013 Annual Meeting of the Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology; May 7, 2013; Seattle, Washington.