Submitted for Publication: May 16, 2014; final revision received September 13, 2014; accepted September 19, 2014.
Published Online: November 6, 2014. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2014.4489.
Study concept and design: Inoue, Tanihara.
Acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data: All authors.
Drafting of the manuscript: Kojima.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: Inoue, Nakashima, Fukushima, Tanihara.
Statistical analysis: Kojima, Inoue.
Obtained funding: Kojima, Inoue, Tanihara.
Administrative, technical, or material support: Nakashima, Fukushima, Tanihara.
Study supervision: Tanihara.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: All authors have completed and submitted the ICMJE Form for Disclosure of Potential Conflicts of Interest and none were reported.
Funding/Support: This work was supported in part by JSPS KAKENHI grants 23390403, 23659814, and 23791994.
Role of the Funder/Sponsor: The funder had no role in the design and conduct of the study; collection, management, analysis, and interpretation of the data; preparation, review, or approval of the manuscript; and decision to submit the manuscript for publication.