Submitted for Publication: August 25, 2014; final revision received December 19, 2014; accepted December 20, 2014.
Published Online: February 5, 2015. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2014.6113.
Study concept and design: Noel, Fung, Hwang, Berger, Lichter.
Acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data: Noel, Fung, Srivastava, Lebovic, Hwang, Lichter.
Drafting of the manuscript: Noel, Fung, Srivastava, Berger, Lichter.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: Noel, Fung, Srivastava, Lebovic, Hwang, Lichter.
Statistical analysis: Noel, Srivastava, Lebovic.
Obtained funding: Lichter.
Administrative, technical, or material support: Noel, Fung, Srivastava, Lichter.
Study supervision: Fung, Hwang, Berger, Lichter.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: All authors have completed and submitted the ICMJE Form for Disclosure of Potential Conflicts of Interest, and Drs Lebovic and Lichter report receiving the Ontario Ministry of Health and Long-term Care Alternate Funding Plan Innovation Grant during the conduct of the study.
Funding/Support: This research was supported by an Ontario Ministry of Health and Long-term Care Alternate Funding Plan Innovation Grant.
Role of the Funder/Sponsor: The Ontario Ministry of Health and Long-term Care had no role in the design and conduct of the study; collection, management, analysis, or interpretation of the data; preparation, review, or approval of the manuscript; and decision to submit the manuscript for publication.
Additional Contributions: We thank Philip Berger, MD (Department of Undergraduate Medical Education, University of Toronto, and Department of Family and Community Medicine at St Michael’s Hospital), and Yaping Jin, PhD (Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, and Department of Ophthalmology and Vision Sciences, University of Toronto), for their insightful feedback regarding study design and manuscript preparation. No compensation was received from the funding sponsor for either of their contributions.