Submitted for Publication: October 10, 2014; final revision received December 12, 2014; accepted December 20, 2014.
Published Online: March 5, 2015. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2015.1.
Study concept and design: Mansberger, Wooten, Becker.
Acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data: Mansberger, Sheppler, Barker, Gardiner, Demirel, Wooten.
Drafting of the manuscript: Mansberger, Sheppler, Barker, Wooten.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: Mansberger, Barker, Gardiner, Demirel, Becker.
Statistical analysis: Mansberger, Sheppler, Barker, Gardiner.
Obtained funding: Mansberger, Becker.
Administrative, technical, or material support: Sheppler, Demirel, Wooten.
Study supervision: Mansberger, Becker.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: None reported.
Funding/Support: This research was supported by grant NEI 3 K23 EY0155501-01 from the National Eye Institute, grants CDC U48DP000024-01 and 1U48DP002673-01 from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and the Good Samaritan Foundation at Legacy Health (Dr Mansberger).
Role of the Funder/Sponsor: The funding sources had no role in the design and conduct of the study; collection, management, analysis, and interpretation of the data; preparation, review, or approval of the manuscript; and the decision to submit the manuscript for publication.
Disclaimer: The findings and conclusions in this journal article are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent the official position of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Previous Presentation: This study was presented at the Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology Annual Conference; May 6, 2013; Seattle, Washington.