Submitted for Publication: October 14, 2014; final revision received February 6, 2015; accepted February 10, 2015.
Published Online: April 9, 2015. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2015.0693.
Study concept and design: Goldstein, Jackson, Deremeik, Massof.
Acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data: Goldstein, Jackson, Fox, Massof.
Drafting of the manuscript: Goldstein.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: All authors.
Statistical analysis: Goldstein, Massof.
Obtained funding: Goldstein, Deremeik, Massof.
Administrative, technical, or material support: Goldstein, Fox.
Study supervision: Goldstein.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: All authors have completed and submitted the ICMJE Form for Disclosure of Potential Conflicts of Interest, and Dr Massof reports serving as a consultant on patient-reported outcome measures for Alcon. No other disclosures are reported.
Funding/Support: This work was supported by grants EY012045 and EY018696 from the National Eye Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, and a grant from Reader’s Digest Partners for Sight Foundation.
Role of the Funder/Sponsor: The funders/sponsors had no role in the design and conduct of the study; collection, management, analysis, or interpretation of the data; preparation, review, or approval of the manuscript; and decision to submit the manuscript for publication.
Group Information: The Low Vision Research Network Study Group includes the following members: Association for the Blind and Visually Impaired, Rochester, New York: Katherine White, OD, Ray Gottlieb, OD, Elizabeth Harvey, OD, Paul Caito, OD, and Gwen Sterns, MD. Casey Eye Institute, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, Oregon: John Boyer, OD, and Grace Tran, OD. Center for Retina and Macular Disease, Winter Haven, Florida: Sonya Braudway, OD, and Alice Enault, OTR, CLVT. Emory Eye Center, Atlanta, Georgia: Susan Primo, OD, Kenneth Rosengren, OD, and Thao Vu, OD. Ensight Skills Center, Fort Collins, Colorado: Mark DeGeorge, OD, and Cori Layton, SCLV/OTR. Envision Vision Rehabilitation Center, Wichita, Kansas: William Park, OD, and Karen Kendrick, OTR/L. The Frank Stein and Paul S. May Center for Low Vision Rehabilitation at California Pacific Medical Center, San Francisco: Donald Fletcher, MD, and Karen Myers, OTR/L. Indianapolis Eye Care Center, Indiana University School of Optometry, Indianapolis: Kevin Houston, OD. The Jewish Guild for the Blind, New York, New York: Laura Sperazza, OD, and Susan Weinstein, OD. Jules Stein Eye Institute, Los Angeles, California: Melissa Chun, OD, and Jennie Kageyama, OD. Low Vision Associates, Bingham Farms, Michigan: Susan Gormezano, OD. Massachusetts Eye and Ear, Department of Ophthalmology, Harvard Medical School, Boston: Mary Lou Jackson, MD, and Kim Schoessow, OTD, OTR/L. Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee: Scott Robison, OD. Modesto Optometric Vision Center, Modesto, California: Brian Elliott, OD. Retina Consultants of Southwest Florida, Fort Myers: Donald Fletcher, MD, and Heather Holderfield, OTR/L. Richard E. Hoover Low Vision Rehabilitation Services, Greater Baltimore Medical Center, Baltimore, Maryland: Janet S. Sunness, MD, and Susan Garber, OTR/L, CLVT. Richmond Eye and Ear Healthcare Alliance, Richmond, Virginia: Jeffrey Michaels, OD, and Mary Bullock, OTR/L. Spectrios Institute for Low Vision, Wheaton, Illinois: John Coalter, OD, Connie Arends, MSEd, CVRT, and R. Tracy Williams, OD. St Luke’s Cataract and Laser Institute, Tarpon Springs, Florida: Ed Huggett, OD. Storm Eye Institute Low Vision Rehabilitation at the Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston: Stephen E. Morse, OD, MPH, PhD, and Kelly Singleton, MS, OD. The University of Iowa Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, Iowa City, Iowa: Mark Wilkinson, OD. University of Michigan Kellogg Eye Center, Ann Arbor: Donna Wicker, OD, Sherry Day, OD, and Karen Murphy, OTR. The University of Texas Health Science Center School at San Antonio, Lion’s Low Vision Center of Texas, San Antonio: Sandra M. Fox, OD, and Melva Perez, OTR/L. Vanderbilt Eye Institute, Nashville, Tennessee: K. Bradley Kehler, OD. ViewFinder Low Vision Resource Center, Mesa, Arizona: Lynne Noon, OD, and Kevin Huff, OD. Visionary Eye Center, Reno, Nevada: Jason Bolenbaker, OD. Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri: Carrie Gaines, OD, and Monica Perlmutter, OTR/L. The Wilmer Eye Institute at Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland: Judith E. Goldstein, OD, Alexis Malkin, OD, James T. Deremeik, CLVT, Katherine Cleveland, OTR/L, and Robert W. Massof, PhD.