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Invited Commentary |

Velocity of Visual Field Progression Implicated in Falls

Eva K. Fenwick, PhD1,2,3; Ryan Eyn Kidd Man, PhD1; Ecosse L. Lamoureux, PhD1,2,3
[+] Author Affiliations
1Singapore Eye Research Institute, Singapore National Eye Centre, Singapore
2Centre for Eye Research Australia, Royal Victorian Eye and Ear Hospital, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia
3Office of Clinical Sciences, Duke-NUS Medical School, Singapore
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2016;134(8):886-887. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2016.1692.
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Falls in elderly individuals are relatively common and affect 1 in 3 community-living elderly adults annually. Of those who fall, 20% to 30% experience moderate to severe injuries, such as head or hip injuries. Serious falls are associated with increased morbidity and hospitalization and account for 70% of unintentional deaths in persons 75 years and older.1 Falls can also have a detrimental psychological effect, resulting in fear of falling, self-restriction of daily activities, reduced mobility, and increased dependence.2 Moreover, fall injuries are expensive to treat, with the direct medical costs in the United States totaling $34 billion in 2013.1

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