To evaluate the spectrum and treatment of posterior segment complications in eyes that had undergone successful keratoprosthesis (KPro) placement and to determine whether transeyelid vitrectomy techniques could be effectively used in eyes otherwise vulnerable to surface exposure.
In the last 10 years, 110 patients received a Dohlman-Doane KPro at the Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary, Boston. We evaluated 22 eyes in 18 patients that required subsequent vitreoretinal surgery to treat posterior segment complications. One surgeon using modified vitreoretinal techniques, as described below, performed all vitreoretinal procedures.
The posterior segment complications included 6 cases of retro-KPro membranes, 13 cases of retinal detachments, and 5 cases of isolated vitreous opacity. All 6 retro-KPro membranes were effectively removed by vitrectomy without significant complication and 3 of these patients enjoyed improvement of visual acuity of at least 5 Snellen lines. Of 13 cases of retinal detachment, 6 patients had some improvement in visual acuity, 5 showed no appreciable change, and 2 had some decline in the final visual acuity. In all 5 cases of isolated vitreous opacity, the media was effectively cleared with pars plana vitrectomy. Three patients enjoyed improvement of visual acuity of at least 3 Snellen lines. Four cases of transeyelid vitrectomy were attempted and anatomical success was achieved in all 4 and vision improved in 3 of these patients. No special surgical complications were encountered in any of the 22 eyes as a result of these modified surgical techniques.
Main Outcome Measures
Best preoperative and postoperative visual acuity and anatomical success were evaluated in relation to the preoperative posterior segment complication.
Modified vitreoretinal surgical techniques can be effectively and safely used to treat posterior segment complications in patients with KPro devices. Retro-KPro membranes and other vitreous opacities were the most amenable to treatment. Retinal complications posed a special challenge. However, all of these cases highlight that modified vitrectomy techniques can be used in eyes with permanent KPro devices. These techniques can be performed without additional risk to the eye. Additionally, we demonstrated that transeyelid vitrectomy techniques could be used effectively to manage complications in eyes with severe ocular surface disease without undue exposure of vulnerable tissues.