To report a novel de novo vitelliform macular dystrophy (VMD2) mutation in a patient with Best macular dystrophy.
Best-corrected visual acuity, dilated fundus examination, and electro-oculography were performed in a patient with Best macular dystrophy and his parents. Both the patient and his parents also had blood samples drawn, and their DNA was analyzed by direct genomic sequencing.
A heterozygous VMD2 gene missense mutation in exon 2 (Thr6Ala [ACA>GCA]) was identified in the proband. This mutation was not present in his clinically unaffected parents.
A novel de novo mutation in the VMD2 gene was found in a patient whose phenotype and electro-oculographic findings were characteristic of Best macular dystrophy, whereas both parents were phenotypically and genetically unaffected. The findings in this family document that a de novo mutation needs to be considered when an isolated family member is found to have a Best disease phenotype.