To evaluate the visual outcome and postoperative complications of cataract surgery with posterior chamber intraocular lens implantation in children with uveitis.
A multicenter, retrospective, interventional case series. The setting included 3 medical centers in Israel. The interventions were cataract surgery and intraocular lens implantation. Aggressive preoperative and postoperative systemic and topical anti-inflammatory treatment was instituted. The main outcome measures included postoperative inflammation, complications, and visual outcome.
Children with juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA)–associated uveitis were seen and underwent cataract surgery at an earlier age, and had a lower preoperative visual acuity and more severe uveitic complications when first seen, than those with non–JRA-associated uveitis. Visual acuity improved by 2 or more lines in all patients, and in 13 eyes the final visual acuity was 20/40 or better. Postoperative complications included elevated intraocular pressure, posterior and anterior capsular opacities, and macular dysfunction.
Compared with those with non–JRA-associated uveitis, children with JRA-associated uveitis tend to have more severe manifestations of disease when first seen and after surgery, but there is no significant difference in postoperative course or complications. Intraocular lens implantation, including small-incision, foldable, intraocular lenses, is well tolerated, when combined with aggressive medical treatment, for controlling inflammation. We believe that intraocular lens implantation is not contraindicated in those with pediatric uveitis, including uveitis associated with JRA.