To assess the clinical utility of ABCR400 microarray testing in patients with ABCA4-associated retinopathies and to report on possible issues that could arise should genetic results be delivered without validation.
One hundred thirty-two probands were genotyped with the microarray. Diagnostic assays were designed to verify all mutations identified in individuals in whom at least 2 causative mutations were found. Mutations were verified in the probands, and wherever possible cosegregation analysis was performed in additional family members.
Eighty-five of the 132 probands (64.4%) genotyped with the microarray had 2 or more disease-associated mutations identified. Verification of the genotyping, however, resulted in only 80 families being able to benefit from genetic result delivery. The remaining families could not receive results owing to the confounding effect of multiple ABCA4mutations or the incorrect identification of mutations.
The ABCR400 microarray is useful for mutation screening; however, raw data cannot be delivered directly to patients. All mutations should be verified and, whenever possible, investigated in other family members.
Validated ABCR400 results provide an unequivocal molecular diagnosis, allowing family members to be offered diagnostic, predictive, carrier, and prenatal testing. Use of the microarray can inform decision-making and identify candidates for future therapies.