To evaluate the pharmacologic activity and tolerability of JSM6427, a potent and first selective small-molecule inhibitor of integrin α5β1, in monkey and rabbit models of choroidal neovascularization (CNV).
JSM6427 selectivity for α5β1 was evaluated by in vitro binding assays while the ability of JSM6427 to inhibit CNV was investigated in a laser-induced monkey model and a growth factor–induced rabbit model. Intravitreal injections of JSM6427 (100, 300, or 1000 μg) or vehicle were administered immediately after the CNV induction procedure and at weekly intervals for 4 weeks. Fluorescein angiography was performed weekly. Ocular tolerability was evaluated ophthalmoscopically and histologically in both models; additional assessments in monkeys included electroretinography, biomicroscopy, pathological examination, and analysis of JSM6427 pharmacokinetics.
JSM6427 was highly selective for the α5β1-fibronectin interaction. Weekly intravitreal injections of JSM6427 resulted in a statistically significant dose-dependent inhibition of CNV in laser-induced and growth factor–induced models without any ocular JSM6427-related adverse effects. JSM6427 was cleared through the systemic circulation with no evidence of systemic accumulation.
Intravitreal JSM6427 provided dose-dependent inhibition of CNV in monkey and rabbit experimental models.
JSM6427 may provide a new approach for the treatment of ocular neovascular diseases such as age-related macular degeneration in humans.