To report a 3-generation white family clinically diagnosed variably with Wagner, Stickler, and Jansen syndromes and screened for sequence variants in the COL2A1and CSPG2genes. Wagner syndrome is an autosomal dominant vitreoretinopathy with a predisposition to retinal detachment and cataracts. It has significant phenotypic overlap with allelic Jansen syndrome and ocular Stickler syndrome type 1. Sticker syndrome type 1 maps to chromosome 12q13.11-q13.2, with associated COL2A1gene mutations. Wagner syndrome maps to chromosome 5q13-q14 and is associated with mutations in CSPG2encoding versican, a proteoglycan present in human vitreous.
Genomic DNA samples derived from venous blood were collected from all family members. Complete sequencing of COL2A1was performed on a proband. Primers for polymerase chain reaction and sequencing were designed to cover all exon and intron-exon boundaries. Direct sequencing of CSPG2was performed on all family member samples.
No detectable COL2A1mutations were noted, making the diagnosis of ocular Stickler syndrome highly unlikely for this family. A unique base pair substitution (c.9265 + 1G>T) in intron 8 of the CSPG2gene cosegregating with disease status was identified. This mutation occurred in a highly conserved previously reported splice site with a similar base pair substitution (G>A). Direct sequencing of this splice site mutation in 107 unrelated external controls revealed no variants, supporting the rarity of this base pair change and its causation in Wagner syndrome. This novel base pair substitution is thought to cause the deletion of exon 8 and formation of a truncated protein product.
Mutation screening of CSPG2in autosomal dominant vitreoretinopathy families is important for accurate diagnosis.
This study underscores the importance of obtaining extensive pedigree information and comparative ophthalmologic clinical information, as the phenotypic findings may vary greatly among independent family members. The study also affirms the paradigm shift from diagnosis assignment based on eponyms to that based on gene mutation type.