To assess the influence of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection on disease appearance and outcome of ocular adnexal non-Hodgkin lymphoma (ONHL).
Retrospective comparative study (from January 1, 1992, through December 31, 2006).
The medical records of 129 patients with ONHL were retrospectively reviewed. All the patients were tested serologically for the presence of HCV infection. Patients were divided into 2 groups according to the presence or absence of HCV infection.
Main Outcome Measures
Prevalence of HCV infection, staging to evaluate the extent of disease at the onset, and clinical outcome data on overall and disease-free survival.
The prevalence of HCV infection among the patients with ONHL was 17.8%. Seropositivity for HCV infection was significantly associated with extraorbital lymphoma at the onset (P = .006). High prevalence of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue disease (79.8%) was registered. Protocol therapy included radiotherapy and chemotherapy, depending on the stage of the disease. Complete remission was achieved in 99 patients (76.7%). A total of 23.6% of patients with HCV-seronegative status and 21.7% of those with HCV-seropositive status experienced relapse of the lymphomatous disease. No significant differences in the 5-year overall survival and disease-free survival between the 2 groups were observed.
Prevalence of HCV infection in patients with ONHL is a relevant issue, accounting for 17.8% of the examined patients. Infection with HCV may influence the initial appearance of ONHL because it is associated with more widespread disease at the onset. However, the overall and disease-free survival of the infected patients are not statistically different than that of patients who are not infected.