The purpose of this paper is to report a distinct type of macular disease involving primarily the fovea, occurring in young individuals, involving usually both eyes, and resulting in permanently impaired central vision. This type of foveomacular disease was reported first by Cordes1 and later by Harrington.2 Because of the scarcity of information in the literature on this subject, we wish to refocus interest on the disease. In contrast to the two earlier reports, we differentiate this particular foveomacular disease from central serous detachment of the macula.
This report is based on the clinical findings in 18 patients examined by us at the US Naval Hospital, San Diego, Calif, between January 1964 and January 1966. The military personnel were hospitalized during the course of their illness. Fifteen were recruits stationed at the Marine Corps Recruit Depot or at the Naval Training Center in San Diego. The duration of