We're unable to sign you in at this time. Please try again in a few minutes.
We were able to sign you in, but your subscription(s) could not be found. Please try again in a few minutes.
There may be a problem with your account. Please contact the AMA Service Center to resolve this issue.
Contact the AMA Service Center:
Telephone: 1 (800) 262-2350 or 1 (312) 670-7827  *   Email: subscriptions@jamanetwork.com
Error Message ......
Article |

Light-Induced Deposits in Bruch's Membrane of Protoporphyric Mice

John D. Gottsch, MD; Leon A. Bynoe, MD; J. B. Harlan; Erik V. Rencs; W. Richard Green, MD
Arch Ophthalmol. 1993;111(1):126-129. doi:10.1001/archopht.1993.01090010130039.
Text Size: A A A
Published online


• Photosensitization of choriocapillary endothelium with blood-borne photosensitizers, such as protoporphyrin IX, has been proposed as a mechanism for the choriocapillary sclerosis and Bruch's membrane deposits seen in age-related macular degeneration. Utilizing a mouse model of protoporphyria with approximately a 10-fold increase in protoporphyrin IX level and exposure to blue light (14 μW/cm2; bandwidth, 390 to 430 nm), a time- and light-dependent increase in choriocapillary and sub-retinal pigment epithelium basal laminar-like deposits could be demonstrated at 7 months by transmission electron microscopy. Thickening of the choriocapillary endothelial basement membrane with a homogeneous electron-dense material was first noted in protoporphyric mice exposed to blue light for 13 weeks. At 28 weeks the experimental animals exhibited a thick band of homogeneous deposits at the level of the choriocapillary basement membrane and electron-dense fibrillogranular deposits of varying sizes along the inner aspect of Bruch's membrane, with fibrils measuring up to 16 nm, with a periodicity of 13 nm. These deposits contributed to an overall thickening of Bruch's membrane with narrowing of the choriocapillaris. The morphologic appearance and localization of these deposits within Bruch's membrane of this animal model are similar to previously described deposits noted in the aging Bruch's membrane prior to the development of age-related macular degeneration.


Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?





Also Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
Please click the checkbox indicating that you have read the full article in order to submit your answers.
Your answers have been saved for later.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.


Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

0 Citations

Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.