0
We're unable to sign you in at this time. Please try again in a few minutes.
Retry
We were able to sign you in, but your subscription(s) could not be found. Please try again in a few minutes.
Retry
There may be a problem with your account. Please contact the AMA Service Center to resolve this issue.
Contact the AMA Service Center:
Telephone: 1 (800) 262-2350 or 1 (312) 670-7827  *   Email: subscriptions@jamanetwork.com
Error Message ......
Article |

Partial Retinal Detachment at 3 Months After Threshold Retinopathy of Prematurity Long-term Structural and Functional Outcome

William S. Gilbert, MD; Graham E. Quinn, MD; Velma Dobson, PhD; James Reynolds, MD; Robert J. Hardy, PhD; Earl A. Palmer, MD
Arch Ophthalmol. 1996;114(9):1085-1091. doi:10.1001/archopht.1996.01100140287005.
Text Size: A A A
Published online

ABSTRACT

Objective:  To investigate the structural and functional outcome at age 4½ years of eyes that had partial retinal detachment (RD) at 3 months after the occurrence of threshold retinopathy of prematurity; these eyes were involved in the Multicenter Trial of Cryotherapy for Retinopathy of Prematurity study.

Methods:  Of the 531 eyes in the randomized portion of the Multicenter Trial of Cryotherapy for Retinopathy of Prematurity study, 61 had partial RD at the 3-month examination. The extent of retinal involvement was recorded, and the presence of a foveal detachment was noted. At the examination conducted at age 4½ years, the fundus structure was graded into cicatricial retinopathy of prematurity outcome categories by study ophthalmologists, and the visual acuity was measured by masked examiners using the Teller Acuity Card procedure and the crowded HOTV recognition acuity test.

Results:  Of the 61 eyes, 7 eyes continued to have partial RD at age 4½ years. Of the remaining eyes, 20 eyes had structural outcomes classified as favorable in the Multicenter Trial of Cryotherapy for Retinopathy of Prematurity study, and 27 eyes had unfavorable structural outcomes. Data were un-recordable for 3 eyes and missing for 4 eyes. No difference in outcome was found for eyes with partial RD at 3 months that had undergone cryotherapy vs eyes that had served as controls. Only 6 eyes had a visual acuity better than 20/200. When partial RDs did not involve the fovea at 3 months, structural and functional outcomes at 4½ years were better than when RDs involved the fovea. The best predictor of outcome was the extent of RD at 3 months.

Conclusions:  Partial RD present 3 months after threshold retinopathy of prematurity is unstable anatomically, and the visual outcome is generally poor. Structure and function at 4½ years are related to the extent of RD and the involvement of the fovea at 3 months.

Topics

Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?

Figures

Tables

References

Correspondence

CME
Also Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
Please click the checkbox indicating that you have read the full article in order to submit your answers.
Your answers have been saved for later.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.

Multimedia

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

100 Views
0 Citations
×

Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.

Jobs
brightcove.createExperiences();